Anthropogenic Minerals and the Circular Economy, July, 2015
Circular Economy Package, directions and potential scenarios of changes in the European Commission’s waste regulations
On 2 December, 2015, the European Commission has published a Circular Economy Package which also includes a Commission Communication “Closing the loop – An EU action plan for the Circular Economy” and proposals for new directives related to waste. These and other documents concerning waste and resource saving were compiled and included in this publication.
WHY THE CIRCULAR ECONOMY MATTERS
As many circular economy opportunities have a sound underlying profitability, businesses are driving the shift towards the circular economy. Yet there are often non-financial barriers limiting further scale-up or holding back pace. Policymakers therefore can play an important role to help overcome these barriers and to create the right enabling conditions and, as appropriate, set direction for a transition to the circular economy. This toolkit aims to complement existing literature by offering policymakers an actionable step-by-step methodology to design a strategy to accelerate the transition towards the circular economy.
The Circular Economy and Benefits for Society, Jobs and Climate Clear Winners in an Economy Based on Renewable Energy and Resource Efficiency
The central theme of this report is how to greatly enhance resource efficiency. The proposition is that a circular economy, where products are designed for ease of recycling, reuse, disassembly and remanufacturing should replace the traditional, linear ’take, make & dispose’ model that has dominated the economy so far. This, no doubt, is a major prerequisite to stay within the Planetary Boundaries
Unemployment and the circular economy in Europea study of opportunities in Italy, Poland and Germany
This study outlines how growth in the circular economy could create large numbers of jobs in remanufacturing, repair, recycling, servitisation and the bioeconomy, across all regions and skill levels. Crucially, it departs from similar studies by showing that many of these jobs would address persistent regional and occupational discrepancies in unemployment and would, therefore, be net jobs that bring people out of unemployment, rather than displacing workers from existing jobs. It also shows that over 90 per cent of these jobs would continue to exist after 2025, despite the predicted ‘hollowing out’ of the labour market, which is characterised by the decline in mid skill level occupations.